Nintendo Research & Development 2
Founded 1972
Division of Nintendo
Manager Masayuki Uemura (1972 - 2003)
Location Kyoto, Japan

Nintendo Research & Development 2 (任天堂開発第二部, R&D2) was the second video game development group within Nintendo. It was managed by Masayuki Uemura from its creation in 1972 until Nintendo's internal development groups were restructured by Nintendo president Satoru Iwata in 2003.

Formation of Nintendo Research & Development 2

In 1972, Masayuki Uemura joined Nintendo, after having previously worked at Sharp Corporation. He assisted Gunpei Yokoi of Nintendo Research & Development with solar cell engineering for the Beam Gun line of toys. After this, Uemura was assigned to manage a new division within Nintendo, Nintendo Research & Development 2. This division was in charge of creating hardware and peripherals, although it ported several arcade games to home systems, and it is credited with the creation of several video games as well.

Color TV-Game

In the mid-1970s, several companies sought to capitalize on the popularity of Atari's Pong, and Nintendo was among them. Thus, the creation of the Color TV-Game series. The first two systems, Color TV-Game 6 and Color TV-Game 15, both released in 1978, were Pong clones, offering variations of tennis, hockey and volleyball, in single and doubles mode. The main difference between the two, other than the different variations of playable games, were that Color TV-Game 6 had its two controllers attached to the system itself, and Color TV-Game 15 had its two controllers attached to cables.

1978 saw the release of Color TV-Game Racing 112, which was a break from the bat and ball mold in that it was a racing game with switches on the side that allowed play of 112 variants of the game. It was playable either with the steering wheel or with two wired controllers for two player games. The final two releases were home versions of arcade games created by Nintendo R&D1. The first, released in 1979, was Color TV-Game Block Breaker. The case of this system, a home release of Block Fever, was designed by Shigeru Miyamoto in his first assignment at Nintendo. The final release in the Color TV-Game line was released in 1980. It was titled Computer TV-Game, and was a home release of Computer Othello.

Nintendo Entertainment System

Nintendo's first successful home console, the Nintendo Entertainment System, was created by Nintendo R&D2 as well. When it was released in Japan in 1983, as the Family Computer, Nintendo R&D2 created several games for the system. These games included home versions of the arcade games Donkey Kong, Donkey Kong Jr. and Mario Bros., the educational games Popeye's English Game (ポパイの英語遊び, Popeye no Eigo Asobi) and Donkey Kong Math, as well as Mahjong and Baseball.

Nintendo R&D2 games owned by WEC Museum

Title Developer Released Added to the Museum Notes
Donkey Kong Nintendo R&D1
Nintendo R&D2
2002
2002
2016
2016
January 20, 2003
June 22, 2017
August 10, 2017
January 20, 2018
The WEC Museum owns Animal Crossing for GameCube, in which the NES version of Donkey Kong is included.
The WEC Museum owns the NES version on Donkey Kong-e on the e-Reader for the Game Boy Advance.
The WEC Museum owns the NES Classic Edition, on which the NES version of Donkey Kong is included.
The WEC Museum owns the Famicom Mini, on which the Famicom version of Donkey Kong is included.
Donkey Kong Jr. Nintendo R&D1
Nintendo R&D2
2002
2016
2016
January 20, 2003
June 22, 2017
August 10, 2017
The WEC Museum owns Animal Crossing for GameCube, in which Donkey Kong Jr. is included.
The WEC Museum owns the NES Classic Edition, on which the NES version of Donkey Kong Jr. is included.
The WEC Museum owns the Famicom Mini, on which the Famicom version of Donkey Kong Jr. is included.
Donkey Kong Jr. Math Nintendo R&D2 2002 January 20, 2003 The WEC Museum owns Animal Crossing for GameCube, in which the NES version of Donkey Kong Jr. Math is included.
Donkey Kong 3 Nintendo R&D1
Nintendo R&D2
2002 January 20, 2003 The WEC Museum owns Animal Crossing for GameCube, in which Donkey Kong 3 is included.
Mario Open Golf Nintendo R&D2 2016 August 10, 2017 The WEC Museum owns the Famicom Mini, on which the Famicom version of Mario Open Golf is included.
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